Oral Hygiene Products

Ingredients in toothpastes, Pro and Prebiotics we sell at Quin

Kingfisher Toothpastes

Kingfisher fennel and Non Fluoride and Fluoride toothpastes are very clear as to what is in their products, the origin of them and what they are there for.

CALCIUM BASED OR COMBINED FLUORIDE AND CALCIUM BASED TOOTHPASTES

Calcium based demineralising toothpastes with a higher or lower level of fluoride. Calcium increases the benefit and long term (hours) availability of calcium and fluoride being saturated into plaque, saliva and teeth. It alters positively plaque pH balance, between alkalinity and acidity. This also allows beneficial bacteria to thrive and become more diverse.

3m Espe Tooth Crème and Tooth Crème 5000

Details of ingredients

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in fruits and plants with diuretic, laxative and cathartic property. Unabsorbed sorbitol retains water in the large intestine through osmotic pressure thereby stimulating peristalsis of the intestine and exerting its diuretic, laxative and cathartic effect.

Silicon dioxide (SiO2), also known as silica, is a natural compound made of two of the earth’s most abundant materials: silicon (Si) and oxygen (O2). Silicon dioxide is most often recognized in the form of quartz. It’s found naturally in water, plants, animals, and the earth. The earth’s crust is 59 percent silica.

Glycerol is a humectant – it holds onto water and prevents the toothpaste from drying out in the tube, and also prevents dryness in the mouth during brushing. It can help reduce bacterial activity by reducing the available water activity and therefore has a protective action against tooth decay.

Poloxamer  is a hydrophilic (an affinity to water) non-ionic surfactant of the more general class of copolymers, this common ingredient in toothpaste and mouthwash can cause high cholesterol in mice.

Macrogol 600 also known as PEG (polyethylene glycol) is used in a number of toothpastes as a dispersant. In this application, it binds water and helps keep xanthan gum uniformly distributed throughout the toothpaste. PEGs are non-toxic, except when they are administered at exceedingly high doses.

Sodium lauryl sulfate is one of the most widely used synthetic detergents in toothpaste. Generally, surface active agents lower the surface tension, penetrate and loosen surface deposits and emulsify or suspend the debris which the dentifrice removes from the tooth. The concentration in dentifrices usually ranges from 0.5-2.0%. Sodium lauryl sulfate has some side effects, and future work should therefore be concentrated on finding other possible toothpaste detergents without these side effects.

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is commonly applied to enhance the white colour and brightness of food products. TiO2 is also used as white pigment in other products such as toothpaste. A small fraction of the pigment is known to be present as nanoparticles (NPs). Recent studies with TiO2 NPs indicate that these particles can have toxic effects. The biggest concerns about titanium dioxide seem to be specific to nanoparticles, but one expert explained that “assuming one type [of nanoparticle] …is potentially harmful because of what another type does is the equivalent of avoiding apples because you’re allergic to oysters.

Carmellose sodium or Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) is an anionic polymer with a clarified solution dissolved in cold or hot water. It functions as a thickening rheology modifier, moisture retention agent, texture/body building agent, suspension agent, and binding agent in personal products and toothpaste.

Sodium saccharin is extremely sweet, so small amounts are able to make toothpaste palatable–better tasting. Still, sodium saccharin is not linked to any benefits for oral health, so it’s only function in a toothpaste is to improve flavour.

Banned in 1981, saccharin has long been considered carcinogenic because it produced bladder tumours in rats. Saccharin is now unbanned, with more than 100 countries worldwide legitimately allowing saccharin as a food sweetening additive.

Tricalcium phosphate (sometimes abbreviated TCP) is a calcium salt of phosphoric acid with the chemical formula Ca3(PO4)2. It is also known as tribasic calcium phosphate and bone phosphate of lime (BPL). It is a white solid of low solubility. Most commercial samples of “tricalcium phosphate” are in fact hydroxyapatite. It works by inhibiting demineralization, enhancing remineralization, and inhibiting bacterial activity in dental plaque.

5000 ppm fluoride or 950 ppm fluoride. The typical strength of regular or family toothpaste is around 1000 to 1500 parts per million (ppm) fluoride, but many other strengths are available worldwide. There is no minimum fluoride concentration, but the maximum permissible fluoride concentration for a toothpaste varies according to age and country. Higher concentrations are rarely available over the counter, and are classed as a prescription-only medicine. Stronger fluoride toothpaste may offer greater protection against decay but also increases the risk of fluorosis (enamel defects) in developing teeth.

Tooth Mousse – Tooth Mousse Plus

Details of ingredients

Glycerol – as above.

CPP ACP – amorphous calcium phosphate. CPP–ACP is a milk product which helps in remineralization and prevents dental caries. Casein phosphopeptide can deliver amorphous calcium phosphate and can also help the ACP to bind with the dental enamel. Casein phosphopeptide can also decrease the count of Strep. Mutans as it has got the ability to integrate in the pellicle. CPP is a peptide which Casein phosphopeptide can stabilize calcium phosphate present in the solution as amorphous calcium phosphate. Clients with milk allergy must avoid this product.

Sorbitol – as above

CMC Na is used in food under the E number E466 or E469 (when it is enzymatically hydrolysed) as a viscosity modifier or thickener, and to stabilize emulsions in various products including ice cream.

Propylene glycol was the third most common allergen. It works as a solvent to mix relatively insoluble ingredients and acts as a preservative. Of 1,494 patch-tested individuals who had a scattered, generalized distribution of dermatitis, six percent were found to be sensitized to propylene glycol. Skin exposure to propylene glycol most commonly occurs through contact with cosmetics or topical medicaments. When patch testing for propylene glycol, it is difficult to distinguish between immunological and irritative responses. Propylene glycol and toothpaste both have irritant potential, which can make interpretation challenging.

Flavouring is added to toothpaste not only to make toothpaste more enjoyable to use, but also to freshen breath. Therefore, the obvious toothpaste flavour choices are a variation or combination of cinnamon and mint. According to a recent multicentre study of allergic contact cheilitis from toothpaste, the majority of cases responsible for toothpaste allergies were flavouring, and particularly important were those relating to derivatives extracted from the main varieties of mint, such as spearmint, peppermint, menthol, and carvone—widely used in toothpastes to produce a sensation of freshness.

Silicon dioxide – as above.

Titanium dioxide – as above.

Xylitol is safe for use by both children and adults – and when included in toothpaste it can be a helpful tool for maintaining good dental hygiene. while xylitol is good for humans and their teeth, it’s very important to note that it’s not good for our canine friends.

Phosphoric acid can be used to adjust pH. In our fluoride mouthwash products it is used in conjunction with sodium or disodium phosphate to help maintain the pH, or acidity of the product.

Zinc Oxide may be effective in the prevention of root caries.

Sodium saccharin as above.

Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate It is used as an antifungal preservative and as a food additive.

contains elements that can bind calcium.

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate is used similarly as a food additive and as an anti-fungal preservation agent.

Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate has proven to be a highly successful antimicrobial preservative in cosmetics. It is also used in medication suspensions, and as a flavouring additive in food.

ALL OF THE THREE ABOVE ARE CLASSED AS PARABENS.

Parabens are a class of widely used preservatives in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. Chemically, they are a series of parahydroxybenzoates or esters of parahydroxybenzoic acid (also known as 4-hydroxybenzoic acid). Parabens are effective preservatives in many types of formulas.

Typical food products which contain parabens for preservation, include beer, sauces, desserts, soft drinks, jams, pickles, frozen dairy products, processed vegetables and flavoring syrups. Some fruits, such as blueberries, contain parabens as a naturally occurring preservative.

Parabens do not accumulate in the skin or other body organs. Human health effects from parabens at low environmental doses or at biomonitored levels from low environmental exposures are unknown. … Other parabens have not shown reproductive toxicity in animal studies (CIR, 2008; Shaw and deCatanzaro, 2009).

Magnesium Oxide might protect enamel against slight erosion, but protection was not effective for stronger acid erosion.

Guar gum is a thickening agent. It is also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties useful in food, feed, and industrial applications. The guar seeds are mechanically dehusked, hydrated, milled and screened according to application.

Toothpaste Allergy Diagnosis and Management. Matthew J. Zirwas, and Sarah Otto

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2922711/

Xylitol Prebiotic – Gum or Pastilles

A non-digestible food ingredient that promotes the growth of beneficial microorganisms.

  • Xylitol is found in small amounts in many fruits and vegetables and is therefore considered natural. Humans even produce small quantities of it via normal metabolism.
  • It is a common ingredient in sugar-free chewing gums, candies, mints, diabetes-friendly foods and oral-care products.
  • Xylitol has a similar sweetness as regular sugar but contains 40% fewer calories.
  • Xylitol can be processed from trees like birch or from a plant fibre called xylan.
  • Xylitol’s glycemic index (GI) — a measure of how quickly a food raises blood sugar — is only 7, whereas regular sugar’s is 60–70 .
  • For people with diabetes, prediabetes, obesity or other metabolic problems, xylitol is an excellent alternative to sugar.
  • Xylitol can starve the harmful bacteria in your mouth, reducing plaque build-up and tooth decay. This can help prevent dental cavities and inflammatory gum diseases.
  • Xylitol may cause digestive upset in some people, but high doses are well tolerated by others.

Therapeutic Dose of Xylitol

The recommended dose for dental cavity prevention is 6-10 grams per day. For those with temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ) and have difficulty chewing, Xylitol candy should be used instead of chewing gum. At high dosages Xylitol can cause diarrhea in children at 45 grams per day and 100 grams per day in adults. Using gum you get the additional benefit of increased salivation for several minutes after chewing.

BLIS M18 Probiotic

Denotes a substance which stimulates the growth of microorganisms, especially those with beneficial properties.

  • BLIS M18 is a specific strain of bacteria called Streptococcus salivarius M18, which is found naturally in your mouth and throat.

BLIS M18 WORKS IN 2 WAYS

  • The “good” bacteria (BLIS M18) crowd out the bad bacteria responsible for cavities and gum disease.
  • BLIS M18 also inhibits bad bacteria, providing protection against them coming back. Think of it as a ‘force-field’ around your oral cavity.

Dosage and benefits

  • For best results, slowly dissolve one lozenge in the mouth 1-2 times a day, ideally after brushing.
  • BLIS ToothGuard works best if eating or drinking can be avoided for at least 30 minutes after taking.
  • The longer BLIS M18 is in your mouth, the better the colonisation will be, and the more the bad bacteria can be crowded out.
  • Suitable for adults from age 13. BLIS can be taken during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Do not take ToothGuard while taking antibiotics.
  • If you have an immune compromised condition, please seek your doctor’s advice before taking.

Ingredients (per dose):

Isomalt, Tableting Aids, Streptococcus salivarius M18 (contains at least 2.50 billion cfu/ dose at the date of manufacture), Natural Flavour.

PRODUCTS WE DON’T STOCK BUT RECOMMEND

Colgate Total and Pro Relief and Prebiotic Arginine

Ingredients

  • Glycerin – POLYOL ORGANIC VISCOUS COMPOUND
  • Titanium Oxide – PIGMENT
  • Hydrated silica – DESICCANT
  • SLS – CLEANING FOAMING AGENT
  • Zinc oxide – MULTI FUNCTIONAL – ANTIBACTERIAL
  • Cellulose gum – THICKENER STABILISER
  • Poloxamer 407 – OIL SOLVENT
  • Tetrasodium Polyphosphate – EMULSIFIER STABILISER
  • Benzyl alcohol – AROMATIC – SOLVENT
  • Xantham gum – GELLING AGENT – THICKENER
  • Cocamidopropl betaine – SURFACANT
  • Zinc Citrate – BREATH FRESHENER
  • Fluoride 1450ppm REMINERALISATION

Arginine  8% in Colgate Pro Relief and 2% in Colgate Total

  • Arginine is an essential amino acid prebiotic found in food and made in the body, important in heart health and blood flow. It is found in saliva.
  • In the body arginine changes into nitric oxide (NO).
  • Produces alkali in the form of ammonia that counteracts the effects of acidified biofilm.
  • Serves to allow certain desirable bacteria to thrive in oral biofilms.
  • Directly influences bacteria that compete against caries pathogens.

Fluoride – Age and Dosage Rates

  • Children under 3 years old should brush twice daily, with a smear of toothpaste containing at least 1,000ppm fluoride.
  • Children between 3 and 6 years old should brush at least twice daily with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste containing more than 1,000ppm fluoride. 
  • Adults should brush at least twice daily with a toothpaste containing 1,350-1,500ppm fluoride. 
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“Come forth into the light of things, let nature be your teacher”. William Wordsworth. Client centred, ethical, Environmental and ecological sustainability in dental hygiene

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